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Polypectomy is the removal of a polyp through colonoscopy, a type of endoscopy. Over time, colorectal polyps can develop into cancer and should be removed. In most cases, the polyps can be removed at the same time a colonoscopy is performed. For patients with polyps, follow-up colonoscopy should be performed within three years to see if the polyps have returned.

Rarely, for polyps with a high potential of becoming cancerous, a colectomy (removal of a part of the colon) may be recommended.

See also polyps biopsy

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